How Birds Get Oxygen Inside Their Eggs

Look inside this incubator. These eggs were laid 21 days ago and this one is just about to hatch. If you listen you can hear the chick pecking at the inside of its shell. Soon it will break through and take its first breath of fresh air. It’s a dramatic moment, that first breath – one shared by so many creatures – including … us. But hold on, think about this:
When you were in the womb you got oxygen from your mother
through your umbilical cord. But for the last 21 days this chick has been
cut off from its mother – sealed inside an egg. So how does it get oxygen? An egg seems like a perfectly self-contained system. The yolk and the white contain all the nutrients you need to build a baby chick. As with a human baby,
all this construction requires oxygen and that’s the one thing that isn’t stored
inside the egg. So where does it come from? Well take a look at this. When you magnify an egg’s shell a thousand times you can see the calcium carbonate crystals
that make up the shell and here and there — tiny holes. One thousandth of an inch across. And these tiny holes let outside air filter in. So oxygen can pass through the shell but the
chick growing inside doesn’t have working lungs yet. How does it get that oxygen into its bloodstream? Well, a few days after an egg is laid something amazing happens. When you hold a fertilized egg up in front
of a bright light, you can see it: a delicate network of blood vessels that grows
out of the embryo’s abdomen and presses up against a membrane
just inside the shell. Oxygen from the air comes in through the tiny
holes in the shell then diffuses into the embryo’s blood. And the growing chick gets rid of carbon dioxide
at the same time. It all looks remarkably similar to your early
days in the womb There was a yolk sac, at least at first, and a network of blood vessels growing out from the place where your belly button now is. But instead of pressing up against the edge of a shell your blood vessels reached the wall of the womb where they joined with an outer membrane to
form the placenta. In the placenta, oxygen from your mother diffused
into your bloodstream. It really is an exact mirror of what’s going
on in the eggs of birds and reptiles. While all this is happening, lungs are developing. We humans don’t fill those lungs with air
until after we’re born. But chicks get a head start. That’s because the whole time oxygen is coming
in through the shell. Moisture is slowly evaporating out. That creates an empty space that gradually
fills with air. A day or so before the chick is ready to hatch, it starts to move. It punctures that air pocket and fills its lungs. It then has just enough oxygen to battle out of the egg and take its first breath of fresh air. This is Skunk Bear, NPR’s science show Please subscribe to our channel and check out our other videos!

100 Replies to “How Birds Get Oxygen Inside Their Eggs”

  1. I miss my chick I choke it with a banana and I Poured some Soy sauce On it Then I put it on a small box of sour patch

  2. Every second the egg industry grinds up baby male chicks because they are useless for laying eggs.
    Most generally though, taking eggs from a hen stresses her out. She wants a full clutch of eggs — hence why wild hens lay 10-15 a year, and domesticated (even the most "friendly" backyard hen slave) put out 90-350 a year. Once you've seen the pressure and read the risks hens take to produce each and every egg, you will no doubt think this is an inherently cruel act and discontinue stealing eggs from birds, whether they are from the store or from a backyard.

    Go vegan
    Health: "What the Health" or Nutritionfacts (Michael Greger)
    Environment: "Cowspiracy"
    Ethics: Dominion 2018

  3. New subscriber only afrer seeing this video.. Amazingly explained in the simplest way possible👍

  4. I didn’t watch the video I SWEAR chicks breath or us we breath when our moms breath in the belly and chicks breath by making a little hole on the egg

  5. Does the human being not remember that We created him before, when he was nothing?

    Holy Quran 19:67

    ( Allah brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers while you knew nothing, and gave you hearing and sight and hearts, so that you might be grateful )

    The Quran 16:78

    ( Say (O Muhammad!): What do you think? If Allah should take away your hearing and your sight and seal your hearts — who is the god, other than Allah, who could restore them to you? Behold, how We put forth Our signs in diverse forms, and yet they turn away from them )

    The Quran 6:46

  6. Thank you for Beautiful informative video All praises to the God Almighty for his marvellous wonderful creations.

  7. Nothing happened by chance. God, the creator of the universe, created everything flawlessly. Because it is far from all shortcomings.

  8. We have duck eggs and there about 13 days old and I can see the ones heart beat and it’s so amazing

  9. Even though I’m still a kid I’m not supposed to be watching this YouTube you were talking about babies that actually help me when you were doing that thank you 😊

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