How to Set Up a Low Maintenance Garden : How to Fertilize a Garden


I’m Doug Smiddy of Smiddy’s Gardening Services
here on behalf of expertvillage.com and welcome to my garden. Today we’re here to talk about
low maintenance gardening. Okay, earlier we talked about your soil and your garden but
what we did is we talked about it structurely, now we’re going to talk about it chemically.
What I mean is the assiduity of the soil, which is also called the PH and you want to
have a certain amount of nutrients in there primarily nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
I strongly recommend a soil test and you have two choices on that; you can send a sample
to your local university extension service, give them a call they’ll send you a test kit,
you send it in, really simple. Or go to your local garden center, by a kit it’ll tell you
how to do it. If you do choose that route I highly recommend just using distilled water
in the mix to get a truest reading that you can. Once we have those results, we’re going
to talk about how to amend the soil so your plants not just live but they thrive. So now
we got our soil test results back with the recommendations. So how are we’re going to
remend the soil whether we’re going to add lime or fertilizer. The lime and fertilizer
is going to tell you how much to apply for a given area, whether it’s 5 pounds for hundred
square feet, whatever it may be follow those directions they’re there for a reason. More
is not better. Again, follow directions it’s very, very important. In most cases like a
fertilizer like this you’re going to put down like 5 pounds for every thousand square feet,
but again it depends on the type of fertilizer you buy. Organic fertilizer that I like to
use is going to be a much heavier application and a synthetic fertilizer, but again follow
the directions. What you want to do when you put it down is basically measure out about
how much you’re going to need. If you can weigh it out that’s great, it’s better to
under fertilize twice than to over fertilize once, that’s my rule of thumb. But basically
what I do you can see I have the started plants here already and I’m going to give them a
little fertilizer. I have my measured out amount of fertilizer, I’m just going to take
it and spread it out next to the plants just like that and then I’m going to take something
like a little hand held cultivator like this and just lightly work into the soil. That
way it gets down closer to the roots. I’m not disturbing the plants and this way when
the plants need that fertilizer, it’s right there for them and then once it’s all in the
soil I’m just going to go get my garden hose and water that in a little bit. Once these
little particles, let me show you from here, once these little particles get in the soil
they start breaking down and physically become part of the soil and that’s when the plants
can really absorb them through the roots. So again, once you have all this set and your
fertilizer is in there and the ph is where you want it to be, you really don’t have to
worry about it except keeping your garden watered and watch those plants grow.

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