Lawn Fertilization – Family Plot

Mr. Booker. You’re our grass guy. – I try to be that grass guy. – It’s that time
of the year, right? – It’s that time of
the year, I love grass. – I know you love grass, that’s
why we got you on today right? So look,
just a couple of questions about lawn fertilization. – Ok. – Alright,
so the first question is how often should I
fertilize my lawn? – Well most lawn grass, and in
West Tennessee we’ve got two types of grass here, the
Zoysia and Bermuda grass, and we also have
Fescue too, though. But Zoysia and Bermuda grass are
the main two that we normally have because they
are warm season grass. About three times
a year is a good time to fertilize those grasses. Now sometimes,
a nitrogen fertilizer, you don’t want to give it a
nitrogen fertilizer too soon, you want to wait and
make sure it starts coming out to give it
some nitrogen fertilizer. You don’t want
to give it a nitrogen fertilizer when they’re going into
dormant season either, because that’s a bad time,
you don’t want to give it new growth. And also your
phosphorus and potassium now, that is good to
add to your lawn, but I wouldn’t add a
whole lot to that, because a lot of time
phosphorus and potassium can build up in the soil. And you don’t want
to get it to high. Between, a helpful
level is between, medium or low,
so don’t give it too much phosphorus because
it stays in the soil. But nitrogen kind of
depletes itself out of the soil. You can give more
nitrogen fertilizer. So about three times a year,
and a lot of times I tell you all the time, you know, based on
a soil test recommendation, so that’s one thing you
might want to do that. – Ok, now what about
fertilizing the Zoysia though, when should we fertilize that? – Well, the Zoysia, no
nitrogen fertilizer until June. – Until June, ok. – Until it starts growing, you
don’t want to give it too early, because if you give
too early, not June, a lot of times a disease
will start coming in your lawn. You don’t want a
whole lot of disease. We know out here in West
Tennessee our grass will get disease on it, and we’ve
had a lot of rain this year. We hope that it
will be ok this year. But don’t give it too soon, especially a nitrogen
fertilizer. – Ok, and that’s the Zoysia. – Zoysia, yeah. – Alright, so when
is the best time to fertilize your lawn though? – The best time to fertilize
your lawn is actually when that grass begins to grow. Zoysia grass and Bermuda grass
they start growing in the Spring they start turning,
that’s a good time to do that. And your Fescue,
that’s a cool season grass. It normally starts in
the Fall of the year. And that’s a good time
to fertilize that grass in the Fall of the year. When they
actually start to grow. Now if you start
doing it too early, you can damage your grass by
giving it too much fertilizer at the wrong time of the year. And we have a lot of
folks that do that sometimes. – (Chris)
Oh wow. – They go out there and
start fertilizing their lawn, and it’s the wrong time. If that grass starts
putting out early, and you have another cold spell,
it could damage that grass. Especially the
warm season grass. – Ok, good to know
right there, ok. Alright, so, we’re
talking about fertilizer, what’s in the
fertilizer bag though? – People that just go
buy that fertilizer bag, you need to know what
you’re putting down. – (Chris)
Right. – What’s in that
bag of fertilizer. Really you have, you
have a complete fertilizer, and then you have incomplete. Now if it’s a complete
fertilizer bag you have all three major nutrients
in there, the nitrogen, your phosphorus, and potassium. Incomplete fertilizer
you might have just one of those numbers missing. You might have
nitrogen-phosphorus. No potassium in that bag. It all depends on what you
want to do to your lawn. We know Bermuda
grass, Zoysia grass, nitrogen will only do
one thing for your lawn. It turns it green,
and makes it grow. And you want to
give that to that, that’s what’s in a
bag of fertilizer. You know, if I want my grass
to grow real pretty and green, during the growing season, I give it mostly
nitrogen fertilizer. But then, starting in
the Fall of the year, when it starts going dormant,
hold back on your nitrogen fertilizer, and give it
some phosphorus and potassium. Protecting those root
systems from diseases, and also makes it a stronger
root system when it’s going into the winter months. Then, Fescue lawn,
you want, nitrogen, start in the Fall of
the year with that, with the nitrogen
fertilizer in there. In a bag of
fertilizer you have nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. And those are the main three
elements that are going to be in a bag of fertilizer. And, like I said,
one might be missing. You might have
nitrogen, and no phosphorus. You might have phosphorus
and potassium and no nitrogen. It all depends on what
comes back with your soil test. – Ok. All based on the soil
test. That’s right. – Base it on the soil test. – So how do I select the right
fertilizer for my lawn? – When you do your soil
test and it comes back to you, they’ll tell you what
to put down on there. You know, they’ll say
nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, how much
of it to put down. And when you start putting
that fertilizer down on there, you want to make sure you get
a good coverage on that lawn, you want to go and do
it in two directions. If it says put 20
pounds down on your lawn, you want to go ten
in one direction, and ten in the next direction. You want to get a full
coverage of that lawn. If not, you’re
going to miss a spot, and you can tell when you
miss a spot in your lawn. You might have a light
green, a dark green in there, but you want to go in
different directions. And get all that
fertilizer down in there. – Ok, lets mention this though;
when people are putting out that fertilizer, lets make sure that
if they get it on the sidewalk or the driveway or
something like that, that they actually sweep it
up and put it back in the lawn. – That’s good,
because a lot of time, you see that a lot of times,
people use these spreaders to put it out on there,
and you’ll see a lot of fertilizer on your driveway. And that’s not doing any good,
because what’s going to happen when it rains, it
gets down into sewage, or the water line or whatever,
and that’s not good for that. Put it back, like you said,
just put it back in the lawn. Get you a broom or something and
sweep it up and put it back into the lawn where it needs it. – (Chris)
That’s right. – You need it on the
grass, not on the sidewalk. – Right, and not in our
stormwater systems right, because there’s fish
at the end of that. – Alright, so we talked a
little bit about the soil test, so why should I
have my soil tested, right? Because we always
mention soil tests. – A lot of times people just
start adding stuff to their lawn, and they don’t
know what’s in it, they don’t know what
they’re doing to it. And I tell you,
you wouldn’t add oil to your car without checking it. And that’s the same
thing, by doing a soil test, you don’t want to add fertilizer
to your soil without testing it. Because, like I said, phosphorus
and potassium can build up. You don’t want to get
it too high in there. And on your soil test it will
come back and tell you in there. Then another thing, you’re
trying to look at the soil pH. The pH is one
of the most important things in your soil test. If you’re pH is
off, your nitrogen, your phosophorus
and potassium are not going to be utilized by the plant. It’s just going to
stay in the soil. For most lawn grasses,
we have Bermuda grass, Zoysia grass, and
your Fescue lawn. That requires a soil
pH between 6.0 and 6.5. – (Chris)
Ok. – So on your soil
test when it comes back, it will tell you that. Now if it’s too low, you
have to add lime to it. If it’s too high, you have to
add some elemental sulphur to your soil to bring it down. But as I said, your main
thing is your soil pH. Nitrogen, they don’t
leave out nitrogen too often, because nitrogen doesn’t
stay in the soil for too long. It comes in and goes away. But check very closely what they
give you for your soil on your phosophorus and potassium. Because that can
build up in the soil. But on that soil report
if you don’t need any, that’s why you might need
an incomplete fertilizer. You might just need to add
nitrogen to your fertilizer and no phosophorus and potassium. It might come back real
low, very low phosophorus and potassium. But then on your
nitrogen, it might be low, but it might tell you
no nitrogen sometimes, and phosophorus and potassium. So you might have an incomplete
or complete fertilizer. That’s where it says on
the bag of fertilizer, you have a complete
bag of fertilizer, or incomplete. – From the grass guru himself. Thank you Mr.
Booker, we appreciate it. – I enjoyed it, always good. – Alright.

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