PBS NewsHour Weekend live show October 6, 2019


>>Sreenivasan: ON THIS EDITION FOR SUNDAY, OCTOBER 6: THE REPORT OF A SECOND WHISTLEBLOWER IS CONFIRMED. IN OUR SIGNATURE STORY: THE NETHERLANDS TAKES ADVANTAGE OF A U.K. “BREXODUS.” AND A PLAYGROUND DESIGNED FOR PEOPLE OF ALL ABILITIES. NEXT ON “PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.”>>PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND IS MADE POSSIBLE BY: BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ. SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III. THE CHERYL AND PHILIP MILSTEIN FAMILY. THE J.P.B. FOUNDATION. ROSALIND P. WALTER, IN MEMORY OF GEORGE O’NEIL. BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG. CORPORATE FUNDING IS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, DESIGNING CUSTOMIZED INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP RETIREMENT PRODUCTS. THAT’S WHY WE’RE YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY. ADDITIONAL SUPPORT HAS BEEN PROVIDED BY: AND BY THE CORPORATION FOR PUBLIC BROADCASTING, A PRIVATE CORPORATION FUNDED BY THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOUR PBS STATION FROM VIEWERS LIKE YOU. THANK YOU. FROM THE TISCH WNET STUDIOS AT LINCOLN CENTER IN NEW YORK, HARI SREENIVASAN.>>Sreenivasan: GOOD EVENING AND THANKS FOR JOINING US. THERE IS A SECOND WHISTLEBLOWER WHO SAYS THEY HAVE FIRSTHAND INFORMATION ABOUT PRESIDENT TRUMP’S CONVERSATION WITH THE PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE WHICH TRIGGERED THE IMPEACHMENT INQUIRY, AND THERE MAY BE OTHERS. NEWS OF ANOTHER WHISTLEBLOWER WAS FIRST REPORTED THIS MORNING ON ABC.>>ATTORNEY MARK ZAID TOLD ME THAT THIS SECOND WHISTLEBLOWER IS A MEMBER OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY WITH FIRSTHAND INFORMATION ON SOME OF THE ALLEGATIONS AT ISSUE. THE SECOND WHISTLEBLOWER HAS BEEN INTERVIEWED BY THE INSPECTOR GENERAL AND HIS ATTORNEYS SAY THEY HAVE THE FULL PROTECTION OF THE WHISTLEBLOWER LAW BECAUSE THEY PROVIDED INFO DIRECTLY TO THE INSPECTOR GENERAL. THE SECOND WHISTLEBLOWER HAS NOT YET COMMUNICATED WITH THE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES CONDUCTING THIS INVESTIGATION.>>Sreenivasan: ANOTHER ATTORNEY AT THE SAME LAW FIRM TWEETED JUST BEFORE THE BROADCAST. “I CAN CONFIRM THAT MY FIRM AND MY TEAM REPRESENT MULTIPLE WHISTLEBLOWERS IN CONNECTION TO THE UNDERLYING AUGUST 12, 2019, DISCLOSURE.” THE WORD “MULTIPLE” SET OFF A FLURRY OF HEADLINES AND QUESTIONS. “THE WALL STREET JOURNAL” ASKED ATTORNEY MARK ZAID IF THERE WERE NOW MORE THAN TWO WHISTLEBLOWERS AND QUOTED HIM SAYING, “THERE ARE DEFINITELY MULTIPLE WHISTLEBLOWERS.” “THE NEW YORK TIMES,” WHICH REPORTED FRIDAY THAT THERE WAS ANOTHER INTELLIGENCE OFFICIAL CONSIDERING WHETHER TO COME FORWARD, DOES NOT KNOW WHETHER IT IS THE SAME PERSON OR PERSONS REPRESENTED BY THE WHISTLEBLOWER LAWYERS. THE PRESIDENT STAYED AT THE WHITE HOUSE TODAY, TWEETING AND RE-TWEETING ABOUT VARIOUS SUBJECTS. LAST NIGHT, MR. TRUMP TWEETED ABOUT REPORTS OF A POSSIBLE SECOND WHISTLEBLOWER.“ THE FIRST SO-CALLED SECONDHAND INFORMATION ¡WHISTLEBLOWER’ GOT MY PHONE CONVERSATION ALMOST COMPLETELY WRONG, SO NOW WORD IS THEY ARE GOING TO THE BENCH AND ANOTHER “WHISTLEBLOWER” IS COMING IN.” STARTING TUESDAY, CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES ARE SCHEDULED TO CONDUCT DEPOSITIONS AND HOLD CLOSED DOOR MEETINGS WITH STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIALS AND OTHERS WHO WERE ON THE JULY 25 CALL BETWEEN PRESIDENT TRUMP AND UKRAINE’S PRESIDENT ZELENSKY. FOR CONTINUING COVERAGE OF THE IMPEACHMENT INQUIRY AND MORE ON THE LATEST WHISTLEBLOWER VISIT pbs.org/newshour.>>Sreenivasan: THE SUPREME COURT WILL BEGIN IT’S NEW TERM TOMORROW WITH A DOCKET FULL OF BLOCKBUSTER CASES RANGING FROM ABORTION AND DACA, TO INSANITY DEFENSES AND L.G.B.T.Q. DISCRIMINATION. JOINING ME FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. WITH A PREVIEW OF WHAT TO WATCH FOR IS AMY HOWE, CO-FOUNDER AND CONTRIBUTING REPORTER FOR SCOTUSBLOG. AMY, IT SEEMED THAT THE COURT WAS TRYING TO AVOID THESE KIND OF BIG THIRD-RAIL ISSUES, BUT THEY’RE JUMPING RIGHT INTO IT. LET’S START WITH L.G.B.T.Q. RIGHTS.>>YES, ON TUESDAY, THE SUPREME COURT WILL HEAR ORAL ARGUMENT IN A TRIO OF CASES. TWO OF THEM WILL BE ARGUED TOGETHER. THEY DEAL WITH WHETHER OR NOT FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION LAWS PROTECT L.G.B.T. EMPLOYEES. THERE’S A PROVISION OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT THAT PROHIBITS EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION– AND HERE’S THE KEY PHRASE– BECAUSE OF SEX. AND SO FOR MANY YEARS THIS HAD NOT BEEN INTERPRETED TO PROTECT L.G.B.T. EMPLOYEES. BUT IN RECENT YEARS, A COUPLE OF FEDERAL COURTS OF APPEALS HAVE INTERPRETED IT THAT WAY. SO NOW THE SUPREME COURT’S GOING TO WEIGH IN.>>Sreenivasan: ALL RIGHT, AND THEN WE HAVE DACA. THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION SAYS THAT BASICALLY THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION DIDN’T HAVE THE RIGHT TO DO THIS. THEY’RE CHALLENGING THIS.>>YES, AND SO THERE’S GOING TO BE TWO QUESTIONS BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT. THE FIRST IS WHETHER OR NOT THIS IS SOMETHING THAT COURTS CAN REVIEW AT ALL, WHETHER THIS IS THE KIND OF DECISION LEFT TO THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. AND THEN THERE’S THE QUESTION OF THE LEGALITY OF THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S DECISION TO END DACA. BUT MORE BROADLY, THIS IS A PROGRAM THAT NEARLY 800,000 YOUNG ADULTS HAVE BENEFITED FROM. AND IT PROVIDES THEM WITH NOT ONLY PROTECTION FROM DEPORTATION, BUT THEN POTENTIALLY UNLOCKS OTHER BENEFITS, LIKE THE ABILITY TO GET A DRIVER’S LICENSE, TO WORK LEGALLY IN THIS COUNTRY. AND EVEN MORE BROADLY THAN THAT, SUPREME COURT’S GOING TO BE WEIGHING IN, IN ESSENCE, ON THE HOT BUTTON ISSUE OF IMMIGRATION DURING THE MIDDLE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN.>>Sreenivasan: RIGHT. AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT MOTIVATES PEOPLE ON BOTH SIDES OF AN ISSUE IS ABORTION, AND THERE’S, THERE’S A CASE COMING UP THAT SEEMS AWFULLY FAMILIAR, OR AWFULLY SIMILAR I SHOULD SAY, TO A CASE THAT THEY JUST HAD A LITTLE WHILE AGO.>>YES, BACK IN 2016, AFTER THE DEATH OF JUSTICE ANTONIN SCALIA, THE SUPREME COURT, BY A VOTE OF 5 TO 3, STRUCK DOWN A TEXAS LAW THAT REQUIRED DOCTORS WHO PERFORM ABORTIONS IN TEXAS TO HAVE WHAT’S KNOWN AS ADMITTING PRIVILEGES, THE RIGHT TO ADMIT THEIR PATIENTS AT LOCAL HOSPITALS. JUSTICE ANTHONY KENNEDY JOINED THE COURT’S FOUR MORE LIBERAL JUSTICES IN STRIKING THAT LAW DOWN. THE U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT EARLIER THIS YEAR UPHELD A VERY SIMILAR LAW IN LOUISIANA. SO THE ABORTION PROVIDERS ASKED THE SUPREME COURT TO STEP IN AND BLOCK THE LAW TEMPORARILY TO GIVE THEM TIME TO APPEAL. AND JUSTICE KENNEDY HAS RETIRED SINCE THEN, WAS REPLACED BY JUSTICE BRETT KAVANAUGH. THE COURT, WHEN IT ANNOUNCED IT WAS GOING TO TAKE UP THE LOUISIANA CASE, AGREED TO HEAR A CROSS-APPEAL FROM THE STATE THAT SAID THAT WE ALSO THINK YOU SHOULD WEIGH IN ON WHETHER OR NOT THE ABORTION PROVIDERS HAVE THE LEGAL RIGHT TO CHALLENGE THIS HEALTH AND SAFETY LAW AT ALL. AND SO THAT’S GOING TO BE IN AN INTERESTING ISSUE TO WATCH. IT COULD GIVE THE SUPREME COURT POTENTIALLY AN OFF RAMP TO AVOID DECIDING WHETHER OR NOT THE LOUISIANA LAW ITSELF IS CONSTITUTIONAL.>>Sreenivasan: AND WHAT HAPPENS IN LOUISIANA IF, FOR EXAMPLE, THIS LAW IS UPHELD, HOW MANY PROVIDERS ARE THERE THAT COULD CONTINUE PERFORMING ABORTIONS?>>THE ABORTION PROVIDERS, WHEN THEY CAME TO THE SUPREME COURT, THEY SAID THERE’D BE ONLY ONE DOCTOR PROVIDING ABORTIONS IN THE EARLY STAGES OF PREGNANCY AND NONE AT ALL AFTER 17 WEEKS. JUSTICE KAVANAUGH, WHEN THE COURT ISSUED THAT THE TEMPORARY HOLD BACK IN FEBRUARY, SAID, “LOOK, YOU KNOW, THERE’S A LOT OF DISPUTED FACTS HERE, AND I THINK WE SHOULD ALLOW THE LAW TO GO INTO EFFECT TO SEE HOW IT ACTUALLY PLAYS OUT, WHETHER OR NOT THAT’S ACTUALLY THE CASE.”>>Sreenivasan: ALL RIGHT, AMY HOWE FROM SCOTUSBLOG, THANKS SO MUCH.>>THANKS FOR HAVING ME.>>Sreenivasan: EUROPE IS BRACING ITSELF FOR OCTOBER 31, THE LATEST DEADLINE IN THE ONGOING BREXIT SAGA, AND OSTENSIBLY THE DAY THE UNITED KINGDOM IS SCHEDULED TO LEAVE THE EUROPEAN UNION. IN THE MEANTIME, SEVERAL ORGANIZATIONS AND BUSINESSES ARE NOT WAITING TO SEE IF AND WHEN THE U.K. WILL EXIT EUROPE; THEY’RE ALREADY EXITING THE U.K. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY REPORTERS FROM ONE OF THEIR MAIN DESTINATIONS, THE NETHERLANDS.>>Reporter: BACK IN 2016, WHEN THE U.K. VOTED ON BREXIT, WHAT DID YOU THINK?>>WE HAVE A PROBLEM.>>Reporter: NOËL WATHION IS DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF THE EUROPEAN MEDICINES AGENCY, WHICH IS RESPONSIBLE FOR REGULATING PHARMACEUTICALS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. IT’S SIMILAR TO THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION IN AMERICA. AND IT USED TO BE LOCATED IN LONDON. THEN CAME THE U.K.’S VOTE TO LEAVE THE E.U. WHILE THE OUTCOME OF THE VOTE WAS A SURPRISE, RELOCATING HIS STAFF OF ABOUT 900 AND THEIR FAMILIES BECAME AN IMMEDIATE NECESSITY FOR WATHION BECAUSE BY LAW THE E.M.A. MUST HAVE ITS HEADQUARTERS IN AN E.U. COUNTRY.>>WE HAD A GENERAL ASSEMBLY THE NEXT DAY OF ALL STAFF. I CAN TELL YOU THE ATMOSPHERE WAS EXTREMELY DOWN. PEOPLE… THERE WERE PEOPLE CRYING IN THE ROOM NOT SURE WHAT WAS GOING TO HAPPEN. AND THEN, AS SENIOR MANAGEMENT, WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT WE SHOW LEADERSHIP AND THAT WE SAY, “LOOK, WE ARE GOING TO OVERCOME THIS.”>>Reporter: THAT DAY, WATHION SAYS HE LAUNCHED A RELOCATION TASK FORCE. 19 E.U. CITIES BID TO HOST THE AGENCY, AND IN NOVEMBER 2017, THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL MADE THE ANNOUNCEMENT: AMSTERDAM WAS CHOSEN TO BE THE NEW HEADQUARTERS OF THE E.M.A. AND THIS PAST, JANUARY THE E.M.A. OFFICIALLY CUT THE RIBBON ON ITS NEW OFFICES. COMPARED WITH LONDON, AMSTERDAM IS A RELATIVELY SMALL CITY OF UNDER A MILLION PEOPLE. YOU CAN CROSS TOWN IN 20 MINUTES ON A BIKE. BUT IT HAS BOTH OLD WORLD CHARM AND MODERN INFRASTRUCTURE, WHICH WAS ESSENTIAL TO THE E.M.A.>>WE HAVE THOUSANDS OF EXPERTS TRAVELING ON A MONTHLY BASIS TO US. WE NEED GOOD CONNECTIONS, WE NEED GOOD PUBLIC TRANSPORT, WE NEED GOOD HOTEL ACCOMMODATION. SO THIS WAS PART OF THE LIST OF REQUIREMENTS THAT WE HAD PUT IN ADDITION TO WHAT WE NEEDED AS FACILITIES, AS A BUILDING IN ORDER TO OPERATE.>>Reporter: THEY ALSO NEEDED HOMES FOR STAFF, LIKE SCIENTIFIC ADMINISTRATOR ESTHER MARTINEZ. SHE HAD BEEN LIVING AND WORKING IN LONDON FOR SEVEN YEARS WHEN THE BREXIT VOTE HAPPENED.>>I’M A FIRM BELIEVER IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND WORKING TOGETHER AND BEING UNITED AND HAVING THAT DIVERSITY OF NATIONALITIES MAKES IT SO RICH THAT I WAS SAD WHEN I FOUND OUT THAT THE U.K. VOTED TO LEAVE. SO THIS IS ACTUALLY MY NEIGHBORHOOD.>>Reporter: SHE’S GETTING USED TO LIFE IN AMSTERDAM, THE GOOD AND BAD. APARTMENTS TEND TO BE SMALL, PARKING DIFFICULT, AND SHE’S STILL LEARNING THE LANGUAGE. BUT SHE LOVES THE CAFE CULTURE, THE TRAMS THAT MAKE IT EASY TO GET TO WORK AND, OF COURSE, THE BIKES.>>THE HARDEST THING IS TO GO THROUGH ALL THE PAPERWORK THAT YOU NEED TO GO THROUGH TO MOVE. OPENING THE BANK ACCOUNT, PAYING YOUR TAXES, UNDERSTANDING HOW ALL THAT WORKS IN THE NETHERLANDS, BUT WE DID ACTUALLY HAVE HELP.>>Reporter: HELP FROM A COMPANY THE CITY OF AMSTERDAM HIRED AS PART OF ITS PITCH TO HOST THE E.M.A. ROZ FREMDER IS THE OWNER AND SAYS HER FIRM HAS DOUBLED IN SIZE SINCE THE BREXIT VOTE.>>BREXIT IS DEFINITELY GOOD FOR THE RELOCATION BUSINESS. I WOULD SAY 80% OF THE PRIVATE INDIVIDUALS THAT CONTACT US RIGHT NOW ARE FROM THE U.K. AND ALSO ABOUT 40% OF THE CORPORATES COMING IN ARE LOOKING TO ESTABLISH, IF NOT RELOCATE THEIR ENTIRE COMPANIES FROM THE U.K. TO THE NETHERLANDS, AT LEAST ESTABLISH A PRESENCE HERE.>>Reporter: THERE’S BEEN A KIND OF BREXODUS OF CORPORATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS FLEEING THE U.K. AND ALMOST 100 BUSINESSES HAVE ALREADY SHIFTED OFFICES AND JOBS TO THE NETHERLANDS. THE BRITISH HAVE BEEN DEBATING FOR THE LAST THREE YEARS– EVER SINCE THE REFERENDUM– ABOUT HOW TO LEAVE THE E.U. AN AGREEMENT HAMMERED OUT EARLY ON WAS VOTED DOWN BY PARLIAMENT, THE DEADLINE EXTENDED FROM LAST MARCH TO OCTOBER 31, JUST A COUPLE OF WEEKS AWAY. BUT STILL THERE IS NO NEW AGREEMENT. THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT RECENTLY PASSED A LAW REQUIRING THE GOVERNMENT NOT TO LEAVE THE E.U. WITHOUT A DEAL, FEARING ECONOMIC CHAOS AND CONCERNS OVER TRADE, TAXES, AND THE BORDER. IT’S ALL CAST A CLOUD OF UNCERTAINTY OVER THE OTHER 27 E.U. MEMBER STATES. THE DUTCH DON’T WANT THE U.K. TO LEAVE, BUT THEY ARE MAKING THE BEST OF THE SITUATION, SAYS COMMISSIONER OF THE NETHERLANDS FOREIGN INVESTMENT AGENCY, JEROEN NIJLAND.>>WE ARE STRATEGICALLY LOCATED IN THIS BIG EUROPEAN MARKET, WHICH IS THE SECOND BIGGEST MARKET IN THE WORLD. SO MANY COMPANIES COME HERE BECAUSE THEY USE THE NETHERLANDS AS AN ENTRY POINT INTO THAT EUORPEAN MARKET. BUSINESSES FEEL THAT THIS A VERY GOOD BASE FOR THEIR OPERATIONS. OUR WORKFORCE IS HIGHLY EDUCATED AND MULTILINGUAL.>>Reporter: IN FACT, ENGLISH IS ALMOST UNIVERSAL HERE. MORE THAN 90% OF THE DUTCH SPEAK AT LEAST TWO LANGUAGES, WELL ABOVE THE E.U. AVERAGE OF ABOUT 50%. AS FOR INFRASTRUCTURE, ROTTERDAM IS HOME TO THE BIGGEST HARBOR IN EUROPE. AND AMSTERDAM’S SCHIPHOL AIRPORT IS THE THIRD BUSIEST IN EUROPE, WITH DOZENS OF DIRECT CONNECTIONS TO OTHER E.U. CAPITALS. BUT THE NETHERLANDS IS NOT THE ONLY EUROPEAN COUNTRY WOOING BUSINESSES FROM THE U.K. ONE OF ITS CHIEF COMPETITORS IS FRANCE. NOTABLY, PARIS HAS LANDED ANOTHER E.U. AGENCY, THE EUROPEAN BANKING AUTHORITY. THEN THERE ARE GERMANY AND IRELAND: DOZENS OF BANKS AND OTHER FINANCIAL COMPANIES HAVE MOVED SHOP FROM THE U.K. OR LONDON TO FRANKFURT AND DUBLIN. ALL TOLD, MORE THAN A TRILLION DOLLARS WORTH OF ASSETS HAS ALREADY BEEN SENT OUT OF THE U.K. BECAUSE OF BREXIT. AND NIJLAND SAYS THE PACE OF MOVEMENT IS INCREASING AS THE OCTOBER 31 DEADLINE IMPOSED BY THE E.U. NEARS. BESIDES THE 100 COMPANIES WHICH HAVE MOVED TO THE NETHERLANDS ALREADY, APPROXIMATELY 325 OTHERS HAVE REACHED OUT TO THE DUTCH.>>THE LATEST FIGURE WE HAVE ON FRANCE IS THAT THEY ARE TALKING TO 250 BUSINESSES, LUXEMBOURG 80, AND BELGIUM 100, SO I THINK COMPARED TO THE OTHER COUNTRIES, WE ARE DOING QUITE WELL.>>Reporter: BUT BREXIT IS A DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD FOR THE NETHERLANDS. 75% OF ITS EXPORTS, INCLUDING FOOD AND FLOWERS, ARE DESTINED FOR THE U.K. MARKET. IF NEW POST-BREXIT TARIFFS ARE IMPOSED ON THOSE GOODS, THEY WOULD DRIVE UP PRICES.>>A LOT OF COMPANIES WHO MOVED FROM THE U.K. TO THE NETHERLANDS, AND IN THAT RESPECT ITS GOOD FOR OUR ECONOMY, OF COURSE, BUT WE AS A TRANSPORT COMPANY CAN ONLY LOSE ON IT.>>Reporter: PAUL SMIT IS SALES MANAGER AT A TRUCKING COMPANY, WHICH DOES 70% OF ITS BUSINESS WITH THE U.K. SMIT PREDICTS CONFUSION AND CHAOS AT THE PORTS WHERE HIS TRUCKS CROSS BACK AND FORTH TO ENGLAND BY FERRY. HE EXPLAINED HOW A NO-DEAL BREXIT IN PARTICULAR WOULD AFFECT HIS DAILY BUSINESS IF SHIPMENTS SUDDENLY GET STUCK IN CUSTOMS.>>Reporter: WHAT’S THE SITUATION LIKE RIGHT NOW?>>YOU CAN EASILY CALL US TILL 3 OCLOCK TODAY, WE CAN LOAD TOMORROW, AND THE DAY AFTER IT’S IN THE U.K.>>Reporter: SO IT PRETTY SOUNDS EASY.>>IT IS.>>Reporter: WHAT DO YOU PREDICT IS GOING TO BE THE CASE IF BREXIT BECOMES A REALITY?>>IT’S GOING TO ADD ONE DAY TO THE TRANSPORT TIME. BUT IN THE BEGINNING IT’S NOT GOING WORK SO IT’S GONNA ADD FOUR, FIVE, SIX DAYS. WE THINK, WHEN THERE IS A HARD BREXIT, IT WILL COME TO A SORT OF STANDSTILL WHERE NOBODY KNOWS WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN. ALL THIS WILL BECOME MORE DIFFICULT AND MORE COSTLY, AND WHO IS GOING TO PAY IN THE END?>>Reporter: IT’S STILL TOO EARLY IN THE BREXIT PROCESS FOR THE FULL EFFECTS, POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE, TO BE SEEN. THE EUROPEAN MEDICINES AGENCY’S NOEL WATHION EXPECTS MORE GOOD NEWS FOR THE NETHERLANDS SINCE HUNDREDS OF COMPANIES THAT CONSULT WITH THE E.M.A. WILL LIKELY CONSIDER ESTABLISHING THEMSELVES IN AMSTERDAM TO BE CLOSE TO THE E.M.A. AND IN ANY CASE, HE SAYS, WHATEVER HAPPENS, THE E.M.A. IS IN THE NETHERLANDS TO STAY.>>Reporter: AS WE SIT HERE NOW, BREXIT IS STILL NOT A REALITY. IN THE MEANWHILE, YOU’VE RELOCATED THE AGENCY HERE, 900 STAFF MEMBERS HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO IF BREXIT, IN FACT, DOESN’T EVER BECOME A REALITY?>>THAT DECISION WAS TAKEN TO RELOCATE. WE HAVE RELOCATED AND WE WILL BE STAYING HERE.>>Sreenivasan: OCTOBER IS NATIONAL DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT AWARENESS MONTH. BUT AWARENESS OF PEOPLE WITH ABILITIES OTHER THAN ONE’S OWN DOESN’T HAVE TO START AT THE OFFICE OR ON THE JOB SITE. IT CAN START AS SOON AS A CHILD BEGINS TO PLAY. AND SO WE BRING YOU THE STORY OF ONE MOTHER IN CALIFORNIA WHO DECIDED TO TAKE MATTERS INTO HER OWN HANDS WHEN SHE DISCOVERED HER LOCAL PLAYGROUNDS WERE NOT ACCESSIBLE TO HER YOUNG DAUGHTER. PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND’S MEGAN THOMPSON HAS MORE.>>LET’S GO THIS WAY. WHO ARE ALL THESE PEOPLE HERE TODAY?>>Reporter: OLENKA VILLARREAL’S 16-YEAR-OLD DAUGHTER AVA WAS BORN WITH PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DISABILITIES. WHEN AVA WAS YOUNG, HER DOCTORS ENCOURAGED VILLARREAL TO TAKE AVA TO THE PLAYGROUNDS NEAR THEIR HOME IN PALO ALTO, CALIFORNIA, FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY.>>THEY WOULD SAY TO ME, “TAKE HER TO SWING. GET THE MOVEMENT GOING IN HER INNER EAR. IT CREATES BALANCE AND AWARENESS OF SPACE.” AND IT WAS AT THAT MOMENT THAT I REALIZED IN THE 35 PLAYGROUNDS THAT WERE IN MY OWN COMMUNITY, NOT A SINGLE ONE WAS RIGHT FOR AVA BECAUSE SHE COULDN’T HOLD ON TO THE SWINGS. SO I APPROACHED THE CITY OF PALO ALTO, AND TO THEIR CREDIT THEY SAID TO ME, “WHY DON’T YOU DESIGN THE KIND OF PLAYGROUND YOU THINK WE WOULD BENEFIT FROM IN OUR COMMUNITY?”>>Reporter: AND SO VILLARREAL DID. THE WELL-CONNECTED MARKETING EXPERT, WHO WAS ALSO VICE PRESIDENT OF THE NON-PROFIT FRIENDS OF PALO ALTO PARKS, TAPPED INTO HER SILICON VALLEY NETWORK, EVENTUALLY RAISING MORE THAN $4 MILLION. AFTER SEVEN YEARS, THE MAGICAL BRIDGE PLAYGROUND OPENED IN 2015. ORGANIZERS CLAIM IT’S THE MOST ACCESSIBLE AND INCLUSIVE PLAYGROUND IN THE COUNTRY.>>MOST TRADITIONAL PLAYGROUNDS DON’T ALLOW EVERYONE TO PLAY TOGETHER.>>Reporter: PETER JENSEN IS A LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT WHO DESIGNED THE MAGICAL BRIDGE PLAYGROUND. HE ORGANIZED IT INTO ZONES, LIKE SPINNING, SLIDING AND SWINGING. EACH ZONE CONTAINS MULTIPLE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT.>>IT JUST IS GUARANTEEING THAT REALLY NO MATTER WHAT YOUR ABILITY IS, THAT YOU WILL BE ABLE TO EXPERIENCE THAT PLAY ACTIVITY, WHATEVER IT MAY BE.>>Reporter: JENSEN SAYS THE PLAYGROUND’S SYSTEM OF GENTLY SLOPING RAMPS IS A KEY FEATURE.>>INSTEAD OF JUST HAVING A PRE-FABRICATED STEEL RAMPING SYSTEM, THIS REALLY GOES BEYOND THAT AND STARTS TO INCORPORATE THAT RAMPING INTO THE OVERALL DESIGN.>>Reporter: THE RAMPS LEAD TO THE SECOND STORY OF THE PLAYHOUSE.>>MOST KIDS THAT HAVE AN INABILITY TO GET UP TO A HIGHER LEVEL DON’T GET A CHANCE TO EXPERIENCE A TREEHOUSE OR AN ELEVATION, SEE THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE PLAYGROUND IN A DIFFERENT WAY.>>Reporter: THE RAMPS ALSO LEAD TO THE PLAYGROUND’S SLIDE MOUND. JENSEN SHOWED US A UNIQUE FEATURE AT THE BOTTOM, SOMETHING HE CALLS A “DIGNITY LANDING.”>>MOST THE TIME WHEN KIDS SLIDE DOWN ON THE SLIDE, THEY WOULD GET TO THE BOTTOM OF THE SLIDE AND THEN PRETTY MUCH JUST BE ON THE GROUND. THE DIGNITY LANDING, WHICH IS THIS PIECE RIGHT HERE, BASICALLY ALLOWS KIDS TO SLIDE DOWN, WHEN YOU GET THE BOTTOM, THEN YOU CAN MOVE YOURSELF OVER, AND WAIT FOR, IF YOU NEED ASSISTANCE TO MOVE OUT OF THE WAY, YOU SIT HERE AND DO THAT WITHOUT THEN GETTING HIT BY OTHER KIDS COMING DOWN THE SLIDE.>>Reporter: OVER AT THE SWING SET, EVERY SWING IS ONE OF THESE MORE SUPPORTIVE BUCKET SWINGS. AT A TYPICAL PLAYGROUND, THERE MIGHT BE JUST ONE, WHICH COULD MAKE A KID WHO NEEDS IT FEEL SELF-CONSCIOUS. THERE’S A MOTION-ACTIVATED LASER HARP SO KIDS CAN PLAY AROUND WITH MUSICAL NOTES. THE GROUND IS PADDED WITH SOFT RUBBER, AND THERE ARE NO CURBS TO STEP OVER. AND THERE ARE SPECIAL PODS FOR SOMEONE WHO NEEDS A BREAK FROM ALL THE STIMULATION.>>SO AT A TYPICAL PLAYGROUND, ROBBIE WOULD LOOK OUT OF PLACE.>>Reporter: ROBBIE BATISTA AND HIS MOTHER BETH GODDARD HAVE BEEN COMING TO MAGICAL BRIDGE SINCE IT FIRST OPENED.>>WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE THING TO DO HERE?>>PROBABLY JUST HAVING SOME SNACK WITH A BUNCH OF MY FRIENDS.>>YEAH, WE LIKE TO COME HERE AND HAVE A SNACK WITH HIS FRIENDS. ROBBIE LOVES THE ACTIVITIES– THE SLIDES, THE MUSIC. BUT IT’S SO MUCH MORE THAN THAT. IT REALLY IS. IT’S ABOUT BEING ABLE TO INTERACT AND PLAY WITH KIDS, BUT ALSO OTHER PARENTS. THERE IS CONVERSATIONS THAT START HERE THAT MIGHT NOT START OTHER PLACES. JUST TODAY, FOR EXAMPLE, WE WERE… HE WAS IN THE TREEHOUSE AND A LITTLE BOY CAME OVER AND SAT WITH HIM IN THE TREEHOUSE AND SAID “HEY.” AND ROBBIE SAID “HEY.” AND IT WAS A NICE INTERACTION THAT, AGAIN, MIGHT NOT TYPICALLY HAPPEN.>>Reporter: MAGICAL BRIDGE>>Reporter: THE INNOVATIVE PLAYGROUND IS TREMENDOUSLY POPULAR. ON THE WEDNESDAY MORNING WE VISITED, MAGICAL BRIDGE WAS TEEMING WITH PEOPLE BY 10:00 A.M.>>Reporter: HOW MANY VISITORS DO YOU USUALLY GET HERE?>>WE SEE ABOUT 25,000 VISITORS A MONTH.>>Reporter: IS THAT TYPICAL FOR A PLAYGROUND AROUND HERE?>>ABSOLUTELY NOT.>>Reporter: VILLARREAL TOOK US TO ANOTHER PLAYGROUND IN THE SAME PARK THAT WAS BASICALLY EMPTY. ALL NEWLY CONSTRUCTED PLAYGROUNDS AT PUBLIC PLACES LIKE PARKS AND SCHOOLS MUST COMPLY WITH THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, OR A.D.A. BUT VILLARREAL BELIEVES THAT DOESN’T MEAN THEY’RE NECESSARILY ALL THAT ACCESSIBLE.>>THIS IS A.D.A. COMPLIANT. IT’S CALLED THE “TAN BARK.” BUT WE KNOW FOR A FACT THAT NO WHEELCHAIR CAN GET THEIR WHEELS OVER THIS. RIGHT? IT’S NEAR… IT’S IMPOSSIBLE. THIS, OF COURSE, IS NOT LEVEL, SO YOU’D FLIP OVER. WHAT MAKES EVERY TWO-STORY PLAY STRUCTURE A.D.A.-COMPLIANT IS THIS TRANSFER PLATFORM. SO THIS DEVICE ALLOWS SOMEBODY IN A WHEELCHAIR TO TRANSFER THEMSELVES OVER, SIT DOWN, WATCH EVERYONE RUN BY THEM. HOW MUCH FUN IS THAT? OR, IF THEY HAVE THE STRENGTH OF HERCULES, THEY CAN PULL THEMSELVES UP TO THE TOP. AND THAT’S UNLIKELY AS WELL.>>Reporter: VILLARREAL SAYS NOT ONLY IS HER PLAYGROUND ACCESSIBLE TO PEOPLE OF ALL ABILITIES, IT’S ALSO OPEN TO PEOPLE OF ANY AGE.>>READY?>>I’M READY.>>Reporter: DAVID ROGERS WORKS FOR ABILITIES UNITED, A SUPPORT GROUP FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES. HE REGULARLY BRINGS HIS ADULT CLIENTS HERE. TODAY, JILL MATRANGA EXPERIENCED THE MERRY-GO-ROUND.>>AND SHE WAS ENJOYING THAT AS MUCH AS I’VE SEEN HER ENJOY ANYTHING. I’M NOT SURE HOW OFTEN SHE GETS TO EXPERIENCE ANYTHING LIKE THAT. UNLESS WE COME HERE, IT DOESN’T REALLY HAPPEN.>>Reporter: JEFF MCDONALD, ANOTHER ABILITIES UNITED CLIENT, COMES HERE ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH. WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO YOU TO BE ABLE TO COME HERE AND PLAY?>>OH GOD, IT’S SO EXCITING. I START TO SMILE WHEN I CAN GO DOWN THAT SLIDE OR SWING ON THE SWING SET. AND, YOU KNOW, YOU KNOW KIDS LOOK AT ME LIKE, “WHAT ARE YOU DOING ON THERE?” AND I SAID, “I’M HAVING FUN!” ( LAUGHS )>>Reporter: JILL ASHER LEFT HER JOB AT A TECH COMPANY TO HELP START THE MAGICAL BRIDGE FOUNDATION.>>WITHIN A COUPLE OF WEEKS OF US OPENING THE PLAYGROUND, WE LITERALLY STARTED GETTING REQUESTS FROM ALL OVER THE COUNTRY, ALL OVER THE WORLD, SAYING, “HEY, WE WANT A MAGICAL BRIDGE PLAYGROUND.”>>Reporter: ASHER AND VILLARREAL ARE NOW BUILDING FIVE MORE PLAYGROUNDS IN CALIFORNIA AND ARE UPGRADING THE PLAYGROUNDS AT ALL OF PALO ALTO’S ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS. THEY HOPE TO BRING MAGICAL BRIDGE PLAYGROUNDS TO COMMUNITIES ACROSS THE U.S.>>EVERY TIME WE LEAVE HERE, WHAT DO YOU SAY? “THAT WAS THE BEST DAY EVER!”>>WELL, YEAH! ( BOTH LAUGH )>>THIS IS PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND, SUNDAY.>>Sreenivasan: TOMORROW EVENING ON PBS, THE PREMIERE OF THE NEW SERIES: RETRO REPORT, WHICH LOOKS AT HOW THE NEWS OF THE PAST CAN CONNECT, SOMETIMES IN SURPRISING WAYS, TO MODERN DAY STORIES. HERE’S A PREVIEW. AS THE 1968 SUMMER OLYMPICS APPROACHED, EDWARD SMITH AND FELLOW SPRINTER JOHN CARLOS BECAME DETERMINED TO BRING THE PLIGHT OF BLACK AMERICA TO THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA.>>THE MEN’S 200 METERS, ANOTHER EVENT DOMINATED BY THE BLACK AMERICAN SPRINTERS.>>UP UNTIL THEN, THE PREVAILING NOTION WAS THAT BLACK CONCERNS WITH CIVIL RIGHTS STOPS AT THE WATER’S EDGE. WE DON’T AIR OUR DIRTY LAUNDRY BEFORE THE WORLD. OUR CHURCHES WERE BEING BOMBED, OUR LITTLE GIRLS BEING KILLED, OUR LEADERS BEING SHOT DOWN, WHILE THEY HAD BLACK ATHLETES GOING ABROAD AS WILL WILL AMBASSADORS TO SELL THE AMERICAN SYSTEM. WE MAY NOT BE ABLE TO GET TO FORUM IN THE UNITED NATIONS BUT WE CAN GET TO THE OLYMPIC PODIUM.>>IT WAS WIDELY INTERPRETED AS A PROVOCATIVE BLACK POWER GESTURE AND, IN RETALIATION, SMITH AND A CARLOS WERE THROWN OFF THE TEAM AND TOLD TO GET OUT TWO DAYS LATER.>>WHENEVER WE SEE PEOPLE ARTICULATE SOCIETY AS AFRICAN-AMERICAN ATHLETES INTERPRET LOYALTY.>>THIS COUNTRY STANDS FOR FREEDOM AND JUSTICE AND LIBERTY FOR ALL AND IT’S NOT HAPPENING FOR ALL NOW.>>YOU CANNOT DISRESPECT OUR COUNTRY, FLACK, ANTHEM.>>AT THE END TO HAVE THE DAY,ETH INEVITABLE THAT THESE WAVES WILL COME ALONG. WHY? BECAUSE IT IS EMBEDDED IN THE VERY CULTURAL AND H HISTORICAL FIBER OF AMERICAN SOCIETY.>>Sreenivasan: FINALLY TONIGHT, SOME IMAGES FROM THE ATMOSPHERE WE ALL SHARE. IN NEW MEXICO TODAY MORE THAN 500 HOT AIR BALLOONS FILLED THE SKY ON THE SECOND DAY OF THE ANNUAL ALBUQUERQUE INTERNATIONAL BALLOON FIESTA AFTER FOG GROUNDED MOST FLIGHTS YESTERDAY. AND OUTSIDE THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION ASTRONAUTS CHRISTINA KOCH AND ANDREW MORGAN COMPLETED THE FIRST OF FIVE SPACEWALKS DESIGNED TO UPGRADE THE SPACE STATION’S BATTERIES THAT STORE SOLAR POWER. THAT’S ALL FOR THIS EDITION OF“ PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.” I’M HARI SREENIVASAN. THANKS FOR WATCHING. HAVE A GOOD NIGHT. Captioning sponsored by WNET Captioned by Media Access Group at WGBH access.wgbh.org>>PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND IS MADE POSSIBLE BY: BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ. SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III. THE CHERYL AND PHILIP MILSTEIN FAMILY. THE J.P.B. FOUNDATION. ROSALIND P. WALTER, IN MEMORY OF GEORGE O’NEIL. BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG. CORPORATE FUNDING IS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, DESIGNING CUSTOMIZED INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP RETIREMENT PRODUCTS. THAT’S WHY WE’RE YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY. ADDITIONAL SUPPORT HAS BEEN PROVIDED BY: AND BY THE CORPORATION FOR PUBLIC BROADCASTING, A PRIVATE CORPORATION FUNDED BY THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOUR PBS STATION FROM VIEWERS LIKE YOU. THANK YOU. BE MORE. PBS.

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