Unwanted effects of behavior part 1 (Task List section C) – By Daymi Pelaez



all right hi everyone my name is Damian fellows and we're going to be going over unwanted effects of reinforcement punishment and extinction okay I'm going to move on to the disclaimer ABA exam Academy was created by and for students to earn their b c8 b c b a b c a b a certification most of the leaders and participants are not a b c ba or be ca va at this time these meanings are meant to have active discussions to the library ask questions and provide helpful suggestions to better understand the b8ed fourth edition Tacitus concepts due to this it is important to know that all viewers and participants are responsible to verify the accuracy of the information being provided in order to successfully prepare for the exam so in ethical considerations that we have are to refrain from sharing any b c b a b c a b a test questions refrain from sharing any paid resources or sharing any type of on specific identifiable client information and if you're sharing any kind of open resources make sure to give credit to the author always since we are students in the field of ABA we need to act in a professional and ethical manner at all times so we have some rules make sure to mute your microphones if you are not speaking again only if you are not speaking that way we don't have any kind of background noise or anything like that number two allow the leader in all participants in turn to speak number three be respectful and refrain from using any kind of inappropriate language and number four as always have fun all right so just made this up today but I was like it sounds good so a little mission statement for you guys we want to help you ace the ABA exam so if you guys need help it's crunch time guys few of you only have a week some maybe two maybe three but that's it's crunch time we're at the end so ask for help if you need it the agenda for today are three so basically they're the same but they're for reinforcement punishment and extension stories state and plan for possible unwanted effects of reinforcements daenam 10-4 unwanted effects of punishment and stay dense and for the possible unlined effects of extinction alright we're going to move on and we're going to start from the very beginning so we're going to take it very easy and then we're going to get more complicated okay so what does it mean to state so when we say state and plan for the possible unwanted effects of reinforcement what does it mean when you say state what do we have to do in the exam when they say state anyone saved state so say it you say yeah when you stayed something you're saying it okay anyone else have any ideas make sure that the the effects of either way portion of punishment are extinct to the unwanted effect okay I'm guessing mm-hmm yeah so you guys are kind of on the right track someone in the chat roll identify and that person is correct so who was on the scene that's the word I was looking for Falco Mota okay so you're correct so I put identify or recognized so obviously if you're in the exam and there's a scenario and they tell you to state the unwind effect they're not going to have you talk about it they're not going to tell you to say it they're going to make you identify it so find it on there and then basically choose the right answer so you just have to learn to find it to identify it all right the next question is so what does it mean to plan so the next part of the question is plan what does that mean for our situation maybe a it means – what would you do okay so I heard what will you do what else someone else says something prepare for prepare for okay that's what I was looking for and and one more word I'm looking for we're prepared is one alright I'll just give it by how will I fly yes awesome job you said it right before I took it off shall prepare and apply so if you get a scenario think about it first you have to state it so that's you need to identify and recognize it and then you have to prepare and apply so the exam is all about that you need to not just know the terminology but you need to know how to apply okay so you need to know how to apply whatever we're doing to the specific scenario all right so this is just a funny little screen that I made of unwanted effects so behavior gets worse before it gets better I when I first started as an RVP it's a funny story because um had a few very difficult cases but obviously as an our newly certified RBT you know I didn't know what to expect be CPAs always told me this it always gets worse before it gets better so I have never forgotten it and I keep it in the back of my mind and I even use it when I get newly certified are BTS for them as well so there's an angry lady behavior gets worse before it gets better always keep that in mind alright so first one that we're going to do state the possible unwanted effects of reinforcement okay I'm going to read off a list I can read the first one if you guys want to help me out we can do that and then we're going to go over one example alright I'm going to read the first two reinforcement of maladaptive behaviors or addictions bad habits awkward behaviors or anything etc one behavior may have suppressive effect on other behaviors who wants to read the next two fixation with rewards too many requests competes with desired behavior very good thank you so much okay the next to anyone any volunteers that's 14 15 people here limit our responses to treatments like conditions only a MIG behavior behavior in certain situations only with b c VAR bt X X extrinsic contrived rewards not pinned to natural reinforces okay and it does anybody want to read the last one sure I will behaviors continuous reinforcement without proper sending have a high expectations okay so after I read all that I thought of this example okay Publix has a very good marketing technique and I don't know if you guys have noticed that if you guys have kids of your own or clients that have um that you've taken to Publix but they give kids cookies okay and with our situation um kids pair the cookies with Publix okay so this is um something that is an unwanted effect because obviously they're going to want to go to Publix over going to Target or over going to Walmart or going going to any other supermarket okay so this is an unwanted effect that would happen if you take them there and then they don't want to go to any other supermarket they just want to go there okay another one that I remember I thought about when I read this one is that sometimes you get limited responses to treatment and maybe in someone else's um maybe someone else has the same situation but like I've had parents tell me my child doesn't do doesn't speak to me they only speak when you're here things like that so that's also another unwanted effect does anybody have any other type of unwanted effect of reinforcement that they can an example um I guess another unwanted effect of reinforcement would be if the client is not only fixated on the reinforcement item itself but on the delivery of it and who's delivering it so you know instead of focusing on the task at hand they're kind of fixated on oh you know one of what am I getting what am I getting it does it you know is it this color is it that color how long am I gonna have it right yeah and things like like you said fixation with rewards a child I guess a reward every single day over a child that's getting a probably a better reward once a week you know sometimes I get fixated oh I have to get something every single day even though it's a small item they'd rather get something every single day then get a bigger reward and just wait like have a delay so sometimes they get fixated or not does anybody else want to share anything before I move on or have any questions I think something as simple as maybe going on a trip and the kid continuously asked are we there yet are we there yet I was there yet that is about 130 SEC also that's right and I've had that situation many times also even with my own kids I've had to tell them like the day before we go to Disney oh we're going to Disney tomorrow because if I tell them a week before every single day they'll be asking me also when are we going to Disney also when are we going to Disney yes definitely yeah okay so I'm going to move on so that is specifically to state so and you saw in the beginning that I broke down state and plan so now we're going to move on to plan for reinforcement so plan for the possible unwanted effects of reinforcement okay so I'm going to read the two and then you guys can homeo plan how reinforcers change to natural reinforcers faith in schedules increase the time delay you can get it when you get home so moving from contingency based behaviors to rule governed behaviors okay does anybody want to read the next one I will measure other wanted behavior rates to treatment implantation so use non-harmful reinforcers often thank you so much alright anybody want to read the next two and then I'll read the last one sure very whimpers and schedules condemned preference and reinforcement assessment more often and reinforcers do not compete with desired behavior thank you last one is reinforced responding to very stimulus conditions different situation settings subject etc so I like I spoke about Publix on the cookies one strategy you can use to fade away from that is maybe um instead of going to public every single time you go shopping on for food you can go one time to Target and then the next time to Walmart and then the third time to Publix and then they can have their cookie that way they don't get fixated on every single time we're going to go to Publix because you paired Publix with the cookies okay so that's the lane that would be part of on fading thinning and delaying does anybody have any other other examples of plans or ways to deal with unwanted effect well I had one where I was worked with the family so that the child would receive his iPad after dinner or a certain beat for not scripting at the table actually and we had to fade the timer to just an announcement that dinner is now over you can go do whatever you want wonderful that's a great example thank you for sharing that does anybody want to give another example okay we'll move on all right the next one is state the possible unwanted effects of punishment so this is just strictly stating okay the first one is emotional and aggressive reaction escape avoidance decrease in desired behaviors then we have the a behavioral contrast increase in undesired behaviors and then punishment may involve undesirable modeling okay does anybody want to read the next two look east Joe I am negative reinforcement of the punishing agents behavior immediate results are reinforcing the punishing agent parents teachers resurgence stop punishing the behavior over time it comes back perfect thank you so much all right two more and then I'll read the last to someone else you can read it thank you increase in escape avoidance avoid person setting etc stimulus generalization punishing stimuli is a reminder the person of difficult situation thank you so much who is it it's Erica Erica okay new voice the name sounds familiar we'll have you been here before through chat yes mostly on shy mostly on top yeah the babies actually Persians thank you for sharing no problem okay alright habituation and adaptation repeated punishment that has results of not having an effect an example a child in timeout daily and says I don't care when they are put in timeout have you ever have you guys ever had that situation of maybe even seeing in your own family or anything like that definitely yeah cuz they get our mm-hmm or if you take a like say like usually the reinforcer is an edible and then you start putting like a response cost like oh then you're not going to get it and they really just don't care I don't care yeah they're so good they're still going to engage in the behavior anyway you know exactly all right and then the last one is vigilance and cost so effective punishment has to be done at all times so it will be costly and effective so this is one of the main reasons why be cd8 will in the BAC be in our ethical code punishment we don't focus on punishment and we usually do it together with reinforcement it's because of this is because it's not it's not something that some that's natural we're going to have to be at all times on top of them making sure that they're not doing it or whatever it because it's not it's not a effective and it's going to be very costly as well I put a picture here of a clown because I know there's a lot of kids and sometimes even adults that are traumatized with clowns so I when I read stimulus generalization for this specific situation I thought about that so what it says is punishing stimuli is reminder the person of difficult situation so maybe as a child they saw a clown and maybe it was scary or maybe the clown did something they didn't like so the rest of their life every time they see a clown even though it's far away they might start having specific like on behaviors that are inappropriate so that's an example of that because I want to make sure I clarified that does anybody have any other questions about stating punishment or want to give any examples alright alright so that one for the possible and wanted effective punishment we are going to have a reaction plan for emotional responses we are going to inform stakeholders of the possibility we use punishment along with reinforcement so together with reinforcement and knowing that consistent application in all settings and for all occurrences is necessary okay ensure that an alternative behavior is chosen measure desirable behavior rates prior to implement inform States inform stakeholders and staff to be aware of behavior contrast plan for how to deliver punishment so that that's extremely important I've had so many situations where I tell like response costs for example and then they're using response costs all day long or for anything and that's not the way you do it so you have to make sure that you explain it to them very detailed and model for them and give them examples because if when you leave let's say you're working with a client for two hours when you leave and the parents taking over and they're doing it all wrong is it's not effective either so you have to really take that into consideration then we're going to inform stakeholders of the dangers of addiction to punishment does anybody know what that means if not I can explain I just want to see if someone else wants to elaborate it could be that the person who's delivering the punishment because I dicted to you know the feeling the satisfaction they get from delivering the punishment right so so a good example nowadays a lot of parents I've seen I've heard them and seen them do is um let's say they go to a restaurant they saying if you keep on acting this way I'm gonna take away your electronics and then they stop immediately they stop they stop yelling or talking loud or whatever it is so it it works immediately but it's reinforcing to this to the parent so they is what that's getting to it's reinforcing to what is the punishing agent and then that's what what they're saying here that it's like an addiction for adults because until you know it's immediately reinforcing to you you're going to keep doing it you guys understand that's the definition of positive reinforcement right well put it writing a punishment yours you're reinforcing yourself exactly right yeah we could it could also be like some students who are particularly scared of a particular teacher or maybe even a parent and the teacher could say well I'm gonna call your mom right you know and I could get the child to stop immediately or some teachers I know say well I'm gonna report you to Miss Smith and then the child stops whatever they're doing instantly right and so then the teacher will continue to do that right right so why they decide to sit I don't care right eventually it'll get to LA so yeah I just wanted to make sure you guys knew that this is this is specific to the punishing agent which which could be anyone that's delivering the punishment an adult a brother and older sibling a teacher even a therapist so all right so then the next one is inform stakeholders that behavior may return if not consent is consistently punished so this is where we were talking before about vigilance and cost about you having to be on top of it and making sure it's being punished every single time if not is not effective okay and then inform stakeholders that client may avoid punishment condition stimulus generalization stimuli our minds client of punishing condition which is the situation of the clown and inform stakeholders that client may become desensitized to punishment and varying punishment is necessary so the sensitization is extremely important anybody have any questions for punishment before we move on to extinction alright extinction stay for the possible unwanted effects of extinction extinction is a lack of reinforcement extinction burst increases rate magnitude amplitude and intensity of behavior you have spontaneous recovery and slow rate of behavior change anything else that you guys can think of maybe I missed that I need to put on there um extinction extinction induced aggression okay you think I missed it I thought I put it somewhere by maybe hi mister extinction induced freshman does anybody want to give any pet examples on extinction I have a few on the next slide I just want to see if anybody wants to give their own would be sir against p1 resurgence ok resurgence is also first Incan or is that just for punishment so it was extinction but I can double-check it's extinct ok all right Jamie should um resistance to extinction beyond there I'm not sure I'm going to add it just in case and then if anything I can remove it okay all right so when it comes to extinction we know about the extinction burst and it like we said extinction induced aggression so here we have some little girls that are screaming and throwing themselves on the floor and then we have a man with a closed fist so he's extremely upset and I'm going to present this really quick just so you can watch a very quick video about there's no audio it's just so you guys can watch so she knocks on the door doors open she goes in so it's just a knocking behavior she knocks again the doors was not open and then she knocks again she starts banging on the door but that's still considered a knocking behavior as long as we don't move on to something different like kicking or anything like that that's considered um extinction burst does anybody have questions about that video I actually sent that video to a family mm-hmm kid was going through this and it really helped them a lot to see it to understand uh-huh it was like beyond me explaining it they could see it it was much it was really healthy yeah it's better sometimes you have to see it to believe it it's very difficult to explain I have had teachers look at me like I'm crazy but like I always say it gets worse before it gets better and you know it takes sometimes a little bit of time depending on the client but eventually it will get better I think a great example in nowadays is like sleep training a lot of parents use on newborn it's like you know if you the old way to do it the way my mom did it was any time I cried she'd come and you know take me out of my crib but now you know a lot of parents are taught to you know we let the child cry it out and eventually then it's not ruefully oh they're not reinforced let being picked up by their parent and then eventually they learn to sleep right thank you for sharing that example who's this it was Alicia son Lisa thank you so much for sharing okay so then some real life examples of extinction and extinction burst because they kind of go hand in hand that I thought about was um so we have the traditional vending machine example that we've heard tons of time so you put some money the item starts to come out but then it gets stuck and then you kind of like want to start pressing the buttons again and you kind of press it again thinking that it's going to move and then you go into the emotional reactions which is shaking the Machine ticking the Machine things like that or the ATM machine maybe it's not working well you want to take out some money but then some money doesn't come out something very typical is you putting the wrong password on your phone you keep putting the password until the phone gets disabled and then how about if you're going to unit there's your list somewhere there's there's no traffic ever and then you go to through your BCBA exam and you're traveling and then all of a sudden there's a huge accident and the whole highway is blocked off and how are you going to act extinction burst right you got to get there right away does anybody have any real-life examples for extinction extinction bursts dare me Ashley wrote on the Conda chart that she looked she looked up resurgence and it is extension okay perfect that was Ashley I just looked at it thank you thanks Rita welcome let me yeah it's already on there okay all right does anybody want to add anything to stating extinction okay we will move on all right we're going to plan plan Seoul inform stakeholders that the behavior may increase briefly so I have here the little arrow let the parents know hey you know it's going to get worse before it gets better this you know it's going to happen so we need to kind of work it out and you're going to inform the stakeholders of the behavior may become more intense how important is it to inform stakeholders does anybody know like why is why is that so important because if they don't know that it's going to happen then they will respond in and correctly or not the way you would want them to respond when these things have these behaviors occur right it could also terminate the process if you didn't for one then what is going to happen yet it needs to be consistent in order for it to happen right so that that's those are two very good reasons another reason I thought that it's also really important is how about if they don't agree with extinction I've had a lot of situations where I pulled parent a we need to work on extinction and when I explained what extinction is that they start hearing you know your child might scream for 30 minutes or your child might maybe the slam the door or maybe start sewing things or things like that then they're like no no no no I'm not doing that you know let's do something different and then I have to instead of using extinction I gotta use shaky so why are you why are you going to go through all the trouble of preparing the plan and putting extinction on there and you know the protocol and training your rbt's and all that if the parents don't agree with it so that's extremely important to inform them and make sure they agree with the extinction procedure I've actually had the opposite happen where a parent says something about ignoring it which essentially is extinction and I go through the consequences if we do knowing the parent and the parents like oh now never mind because right they know they can't say they won't be able to sustain you won't follow through yep they won't they know themselves some some will follow through and some won't so if they know that they can't handle that then why are you gonna do it it's not effective and not only telling them like what happens if they do do it but what would happen if they say they're gonna do it and not do it all the way exactly so yeah perfect thank you is it Claudia yes yeah thank you so much I'm starting to recognize everybody's voice I like to match voices with names okay so then we inform stakeholders and plan if and when the behavior comes back after extinction so correct me if I'm wrong isn't that spontaneous recovery you that's correct yes yes it is okay Murphy thank you and then finally use reinforcement together with extinction so I put here a plus always always always use reinforcement together with extinction all right next to have a visual graph here this is from Cooper it's showing the extinction birth extinction and spontaneous recovery so basically do me do you have an example of that particular one use which one really yeah use reinforcement together with extinction you have an example I would think using any type of the dr.oz dra together with extinction so let's say you have a child that always has their iPad and they use their iPad to eat they have it right before bed they sleep with it next to them instead of having a teddy bear they have their iPad you know they're watching cartoons on it all day long so obviously if you remove the iPad and have them work for it then that would be extinction and then using the ro and the RA together with that that way the behaviors don't become so intensifies I mean that's I'm just thinking off the top of my head but if anybody has me or any other example that would be great um I think a good example would be like aggression that has the function of a seeking attention so a student constantly is hitting a teacher or a statin RBT or whoever to get their attention so you're not you're gonna put that on extinction yeah you are going to reinforce when they raise their hand and say I need help or come here please nothing audience example love it thank you guys does anybody want to share any other examples before we move on okay so next I have a like a quiz I put here are you ready quiz time team pavlov versus team skinner I was I'm not sure if I can do that because I've done it before in the past where I've gotten many teams but I only hear a few people if I have more people participating and we're willing we can do team but I have to close this week because I only have three minutes left so do you want it do you guys want to come back because I have a lot of mock questions you guys are gonna love we could we could but I think it'll probably just be better that we just take turns because if I do the teens and you know along I'm gonna lose track of everything so so let's just get started all right so let's do matching first I'm gonna take on my little line here okay matching so I'm gonna start off with reinforcements no let's do it the other way around okay I'm gonna read the definition and then you guys tell me what it is a behavioral effect associated with extinction in which the behavior suddenly begins to occur after its frequency has decreased to its pre reinforced level or stopped entirely spontaneous recovery good job okay next one an increase in the frequency of responding when an extinction procedure is initially implemented this reverse all right next one when stimulus change immediately follows a response and decreases the future frequency of that type of behavior in similar conditions punishment alright guys I only have one minute left so I'm gonna get out of here but come back please I have a lot of questions a lot of marks same link family thank you

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