Hi! I’m Dr. Randy Morris. I’m a
board-certified fertility expert and the medical director at the world-renowned
IVF1 Fertility Center in Naperville Illinois and this is infertility TV You may have heard a lot on the news
recently about Zika infections and the risk to a pregnant woman. Today on infertility TV I will tell you a little bit about Zika. Stay tuned to
the end for my special recommendations for couples who are trying to become
pregnant. What is Zika? Zika is an infection caused
by the Zika virus which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an
infected mosquito. However, this is very important –
Zika can also be spread from one person to another through sexual contact. Sexual
contact includes vaginal, anal and oral sex, and the sharing of sex toys.
Scientists do not yet know if it can be spread by kissing. Currently there is no
vaccine to prevent Zika infection and there is no treatment for people who are
infected with Zika. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint
pain and conjunctivitis or red eyes. The illness is usually mild with symptoms
lasting from several days to a week after being bitten. Zika can be
contracted with a single mosquito bite. According to the CDC people usually
don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital and they very rarely die of
Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. Once
a person has been infected he or she is likely to be protected from future
infections – that is they are immune. A Zika pregnancy can result in miscarriage
and severe birth defects. Zika can cause the fetal brain to not develop properly.
This brain damage results in the head being smaller than normal and is called
microcephaly. Zika is also a cause for poor fetal growth and stillbirth. It is
not yet known if Zika can affect your ability to get pregnant. Studies in mice
found that the virus can attack the cells that produce sperm and
testosterone in males causing a lowering of both.
The main thing you should try to do is to avoid getting pregnant if there is a
possibility that you have a Zika infection. Women should avoid trying to
conceive for at least eight weeks even if they have just visited an area where
Zika virus is being transmitted by mosquitoes. This is recommended even if
you don’t have any symptoms. You should also wait eight weeks if you had sexual
contact with a man who has been possibly exposed to Zika. Men should wait at least
six months before trying to conceive a baby with their partner. If their partner
is pregnant, then they should abstain from having intercourse for the duration
of the pregnancy. If you liked this video remember to “Like this video”. Have a question?
Leave it in the comments below. We will answer. Infertility TV is broadcast
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